A Brief History of Hot Tubs and Spas

Whether you call them Hot Tubs, Spas, or Jacuzzis, bathing in hot springs for relaxation has been a part of human culture for over five millennia. In this article we’ll be taking a look at where things started out, and the major turning points in creating the modern Hot Tub.

The Hot Tub’s Humble Beginnings

Even before modern recorded history, early man would have recognised the benefits of natural geysers, or hot springs, which were used for their warmth and healing power. The ancients of 2000BC Egypt used warm baths for relaxation and recuperation, and it’s claimed that Phrarotes had a hot tub in Persia in 600BC. The ancient Greeks also knew the healing values of water, and often built around naturally occurring hot springs.

Early Chinese and Japanese cultures also enjoyed the therapeutic properties of water, which even spawned a well known Japanese phrase, “Mind Like Water”, which refers to those whose minds are in harmony with all living things.

The most famous proponents of hot springs and spas were the Romans, who built settlements all over the Empire around natural springs and baths. Perhaps one of the most well known is the Roman settlement at Bath, UK, which grew into a labyrinth of bathing areas and spas. Queen Elizabeth 1st historically visited Bath in the 1500s and took advantage of the soothing waters there.

By 1950, Hot Tubs as we know them were starting to take shape, although these used items like wine tanks as tubs!

Jacuzzi & The Evolution of the Hot Tub

The Jacuzzi family emigrated to the USA from Italy around the turn of the 20th Century, and set up home in Berkley, CA. The first business the family got involved with was machining of propellers for aeroplanes, but after an accident in the 1920s which killed one of the Jacuzzi brothers, Giocando, the family began making pumps for the agricultural sector.

In 1948, Candido Jacuzzi had a young son, Kenneth, who had developed rheumatoid arthritis at 15 months old. When Kenneth had hydrotherapy treatment at a local hospital, his chronic pain was greatly relieved, but in between treatments his suffering was too much for Candido to take. He turned his attentions to the pumps the Jacuzzi company were making, and realised he could exploit the same technology to create a home whirlpool pump to give soothing hydrotherapy between hospital visits.

Over the next few years the system was developed, and in 1955 the first Jacuzzi pump was put on sale, the J-300, which were targeted at housewives looking for relief from the aches and pains of modern living. This didn’t stop Hollywood icons Jayne Mansfield and Randolph Scott from adopting the system, which led the Jacuzzis to appoint comedian Jack Benny as company spokesperson. The medical community were quick to identify the portable J-300 pump as a great solution for hydrotherapy, and started recommending them for use the patient’s own homes, and clinics and hospitals too.

The first fully integrated, self contained Jacuzzi was the unit dubbed the Roman Bathtub, which was released in ‘68. This had new jets in the walls of the tub, which moved air and water in an even mixture to create a vastly improved spa experience. The Roman Bathtub caught on, and quickly became a plaything for the famous and wealthy, as well as a valued therapy aid for clinics and leisure centres. In the early 1970s, Jacuzzi produced the first of what we would consider modern Hot Tubs, with self contained jets, filtration and heating – and the Portable Spa as we know it today was born.

Neil works for Hot Tub Barn, a UK retailer of Hot Tubs and Swim Spas. He’s also a keen writer and Hot Tub enthusiast, who will hopefully be adding more Hot Tub articles at a later date.

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/?expert=Neil_O’Connor

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